Creating a strong password is an essential step to protecting yourself online. Using long and complex passwords is one of the
easiest ways to defend yourself from cybercrime. No citizen is immune to cyber risk, but #BeCyberSmart and you can minimize
your chances of an incident.


Creating a strong password is easier than you think. Follow these simple tips to shake up your password protocol:
• Use a long passphrase. According to NIST guidance, you should consider using the longest password or passphrase
permissible. For example, you can use a passphrase such as a news headline or even the title of the last book you
read. Then add in some punctuation and capitalization.

• Don’t make passwords easy to guess. Do not include personal information in your password such as your name or
pets’ names. This information is often easy to find on social media, making it easier for cybercriminals to hack your

• Avoid using common words in your passwords. Substitute letters with numbers and punctuation marks or
symbols. For example, @ can replace the letter “A” and an exclamation point (!) can replace the letters “I” or “L.”

• Get creative. Use phonetic replacements, such as “PH” instead of “F”. Or make deliberate, but obvious misspellings,
such as “enjin” instead of “engine.”

• Keep your passwords on the down-low. Don’t tell anyone your passwords and watch for attackers trying to trick
you into revealing your passwords through email or calls. Every time you share or reuse a password, it chips away at
your security by opening up more avenues in which it could be misused or stolen.

• Unique account, unique password. Having different passwords for various accounts helps prevent cyber criminals
from gaining access to these accounts and protect you in the event of a breach. It’s important to mix things up—
find easy-to remember ways to customize your standard password for different sites.

• Double your login protection. Enable multi-factor authentication (MFA) to ensure that the only person who has
access to your account is you. Use it for email, banking, social media, and any other service that requires logging in.
If MFA is an option, enable it by using a trusted mobile device, such as your smartphone, an authenticator app, or a
secure token—a small physical device that can hook onto your key ring. Read the Multi-Factor Authentication
(MFA) How-to-Guide for more information.

• Utilize a password manager to remember all your long passwords. The most secure way to store all of your unique
passwords is by using a password manager. With just one master password, a computer can generate and retrieve
passwords for every account that you have – protecting your online information, including credit card numbers and
their three-digit Card Verification Value (CVV) codes, answers to security questions, and more.